The Telangana State Pollution Control Board has focused predominantly on improvement of the quality of water, air and effluent & solid waste management in Industries and Hospitals. The Board has initiated several measures for effective control of Environmental pollution in the State.

First Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) of India was commenced at Jeedimetla, Hyderabad (JETL) in 1989 to cater to the needs of the small scale industries. Subsequently, a common CETP was established at IDA, Patancheru (M/s. PETL).

A common effluent treatment plant was established at Nacharam, Industrial estate, Rangareddy District with assistance from Govt. of India and Germany agency for technical co-operation (GTZ) Germany.

The first common Treatment Storage Disposal Facility (TSDF) in India was commenced at Dundigal, Rangareddy District. Common Hazardous Waste incinerator under phase II project of TSDF, Dundigal, R.R.Dist., was commissioned in the month of November, 2006 to incinerate hazardous incinerable waste. Apart from common hazardous waste incinerator, cement plants are co-processing the hazardous waste in their rotary kilns as per the CPCB guidelines.

There are 1888 number of industries are generating Hazardous Wastes. Quantity of waste received by TSDF, Dundigal for landfilling is 1,13,715.00 TPA (upto June, 2014) and quantity of incinerable waste is 3,192.00 TPA  (Upto June, 2014) .

Quantity of Hazardous waste co-processed in 7 No. of. cement plants -   40,956 MTPA.

The first Common Bio Medical Waste Treatment Facility in India was commenced at Hyderabad.  There are nine Common Bio-Medical Waste Treatment facilities operating in the State for safe disposal of 7.782 TPD of Bio-Medical Waste generated per day.  The Health Care Establishments (HCEs) have tied up with the Common Bio Medical Waste Treatment Facilities.  3451 numbers of health Care Establishments (HCEs) were issued with authorizations by the board.

There are six municipal corporations and 64 municipalities in the State. Total municipal solid waste generation is 6243 TPD. Integrated Municipal Solid Waste processing plant is established for Hyderabad twin cities at Jawaharnagar, Rangareddy District. The capacity of Municipal Solid Waste processing facilities in the state is 4393 TPD.

The total sewage generation is 1350 MLD. At present 17 STPs are in operation and 2 are under constructions. The treatment capacity of existing STPs is 655.3 MLD.

T.S. Pollution Control Board is the designated authority in Telangana State for enforcement of the provisions of the Recycled Plastics (Management & Usage) Rules 1999 and to levy penalties for violation of these rules as per G.O.Ms.No.25, dated 30.3.2001 of the State Government. Usage of recycled plastic carry bags and containers for food stuffs as well as plastic carry bags of less than 20 Microns thickness is banned.  Littering of public places with plastic carry bags is also prohibited.  In G.O.Ms.No.158, dated 4.4.2006, the state Government constituted District level Task Force Committees headed by the District Collector to enforce the provisions of these rules related to the use, collection, segregation, transportation and disposal of plastic carry bags and containers and also to impose penalties on defaulting vendors, retailers and other establishments.  

Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Stations (CAAQMS) are established at Head Office located at Parayavaran Bhavan, Sanathnagar, Hyderabad in association with CPCB. The station was commissioned in the month of January, 2006. Another Four CAAQMS are established at ZOO Park, Hyderabad Central University (HCU), Panjagutta and Pashamylaram Industrial area with financial assistance from CPCB (13th Finance commission).

The Central Laboratory located at Head Office is refurbished with World Bank Funds. The central laboratory is NABL (National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration of Laboratories) accreditated. NABL is valid up to July, 2015.

 Rolling Task Forces have been operating to enquire into public complaints, inspecting problematic industries / hot spots.  Night surveillance is carried out in and around Hyderabad to check illegal dumpings. 

TSPCB is conducting various awarness programs to various stake holders for understanding of the environmental issues and various methods of environment protection, greenbelt development, plastic waste management and urban solid waste management.

CPCB evolved a Comprehensive Environmental Pollution Index (CEPI) to study industrial areas to identify polluted clusters. Based on environmental components such as air and water quality, ecological damage and visual environmental conditions. Bollaram - Patancheru industrial area in Telangana State was identified as Critically Pollution Areas by Central Pollution Control Board in 1990. Patancheru - Bollaram at 6th place out of 8 critically polluted areas with a CEPI score of 76.05. Monitoring Committee was constituted by the Board to monitor and review the status of pollution by the industries.  Action plan was prepared for implementation of various mitigation measures for further reduction of pollution load and for the effective treatment and disposal of the effluents and solid wastes by the industries. Major bulk drug industries have implemented Zero Liquid discharge system (ZLD System) for treatment of waste water and reuse of treated waste water for boiler and cooler tower makeup purposes.